Photo: Sergey Konkov / TASS
The number of unemployed with higher education has grown in 2015 by one-fifth, said the head of the audit chamber Tatyana Golikova. The system of distribution of places in universities does not meet the needs of the labour market, she said
The share of unemployed people receiving higher education for 2015 grew by 19.6%. Such data has resulted on Wednesday, February 15, the Chairman of the accounts chamber Tatyana Golikova, the correspondent of RBC. “This is a very significant figure. We need to seriously evaluate who and what we are preparing,” — said Golikova, speaking in REU them. G. V. Plekhanov.
According to her, the policy of the Ministry of education in respect of universities is not meeting the needs of the labour market. According to the chamber, the need for workers with higher education at the end of 2015 (last year’s data Golikova has not led) was almost 186 thousand.
The biggest staffing shortage is observed in biological and agricultural industries, as well as in health care, said Golikova. Less workers needed in the field of education.
The system of distribution of places in universities contributes to the lack of skilled workers where they’re needed, and the excess where they do not need, says the head of the accounting chamber.
“Students who have graduated from medical schools, employed by 97%. At the same time in 2016, enrollment [in medical schools] was reduced by 13%. With regard to education and pedagogy, where the demand is less, then there are numbers of admission increased by 3%,” — said Golikova. Annually through the budget in Russia must prepare 800 students per 10 thousand inhabitants, but the schools produce only 677 students.
Increasing the enrollment of students in economic and management specialty, while 35% of graduates of specialized faculties are not employed in the profession, said the Chairman of the accounts chamber. “We need to revise the system of admission quotas because they do not meet the needs of the labor market”, — said the head of the audit chamber.
The situation is aggravated, said Golikova, and the process of merging and reducing the number of schools and universities, which is carried out in many regions of the country, said Golikova. “From 2010 to 2016, with substantial growth of birth rate, — said the head of the accounting chamber. — This results in a substantial optimization. According to our records, this optimization, especially in the regions, does not correspond to the challenges in the labour market”.