Heartbeat. What you need to know about pulse of the person?

The human pulse is one of the most important indicators, which helps to track whether all is in order with heart. After all, it slowdowns or accelerations can understand what is to be feared. At the same time the pulse often only know that the heart has to knock 60-80 times per minute and that the pulse can be felt at the wrist and carotid artery. AIPPI found out what an interesting pulse and what else you need to know about it.

Heart rate

A pulse is a rhythmic fluctuations of blood vessels that correspond to the contractions of the heart. Therefore, their frequency and judge the condition of the heart muscle. For example, the pulse can be characterized by the strength and rhythm of the heartbeat and even the state of the vessels, which bleed. If the heartbeat loses its rhythm is either too fast or slows down or even begins to respond through unequal time intervals, the doctors start to worry and check on a patient for heart disease on exposure to its stresses or hormonal disturbances. Often such failures can be the answer to excessive consumption of coffee.

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Pulse depends on many different criteria. So, for example, its frequency and even strength will be determined by the person’s age, the influence of environmental factors, physical load. The pulse also depends on gender: according to statistics, women knock is heard more often than men. In children the pulse is significantly faster than adults. This is especially true for babies.

As a rule, the change in the number and strength of attacks is determined by various pathological processes. But there are some physiological reasons that could slow down or speed up the heartbeat. So, for example, including:

  • Meals. After eating, the person often increases the heart rate
  • The height of inspiration. There is also a pulse somewhat accelerated
  • The change in body position and physical activity, leads to the acceleration of the rhythm
  • The increase in room temperature causes the heart to contract more often, because the blood thickens and pumping requires more energy
  • Sleep. At this time the activity is slowing down

In all these cases, if there is no pathological component, the pulse fairly quickly returns to normal: just 15 minutes.

Comply with the standard

According to the standard, which was defined by the world health organization, heart rate is 60-80 beats per minute. It should be understood that this value is different for each person. And some pulse of the night at rest, is only 38 beats per minute is the norm. During loading the number of heartbeats may be increased to 250.

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A high pulse, which is recorded continuously, usually says that with heart something not right. Pathological tachycardia is noted when there is:

  • Heart disease, including various vices
  • Lesions of the nervous system
  • Pathology of the endocrine system
  • Tumors
  • Infectious problems

Sometimes, to increase heart rate is affected by many ordinary and seemingly innocuous disease. In fact, the lack of iron is sufficient have a negative effect on the heart, because it deprives him of the right amount of oxygen. As a result he has to beat faster and harder to ensure the body’s normal conditions of existence.

Slow pulse — the same situation is not pleasant. If the heart rate is below 60 beats per minute, it also can indicate various disorders. Decrease heart rate indicates:

  • Myocardial infarction
  • Inflammation of the heart muscle
  • Intoxication

People at the age of bradycardia (so called slowing of the pulse) occurs on the background of increased intracranial pressure, ulcers, hypothyroidism, etc. If there is organic lesion of the heart, the pulse will be about 50 beats per minute.

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How to measure

The traditional method of measuring pulse is to applying two fingers to the neck or the wrist of the person. It should be understood that the different issues a pulse can manifest itself in unexpected and diverse places. So, if a person has a marked insufficiency of the aortic valve, occurs when the flaps of the valve are not closed until the end of the pulse can be viewed on the pupils of the eyes. If you have problems with blood vessels, if there is a failure in the communication between veins and arteries, throbbing veins can. In the case of high blood pressure to feel the pulse will be in the abdomen.

Also, the pulse can be felt on the foot, in the groin, in the axilla and the forearm. To learn how to feel the pulse not so hard. This can help to save a person’s life, because you can describe to the physician the strength and heart rate at the stage of calling an ambulance. Of course, if a person has problems with pulse, it is not necessary to wait that the problem will be solved by itself, and does not need to practice self-medication. In such a situation should be to consult a doctor to determine the source of the problem and to cope with the situation.

The age of the person

The average value of the heart rate (beats per minute)

The minimum allowable heart rate (beats per minute)

Maximum heart rate (beats per minute)

Newborn infants before 1 month of life




Children from 1 month to one year




Children 1-2 years




Children 4-6 years




Children 6-8 years




Kids 8-10 years old




Children 10-12 years




Teenagers 12-15 years




15-50 years




50-60 years




60-80 years




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