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More than a billion people on the planet suffer from hypertension. Most of them live in poor countries and middle income countries. The results of one recent study conducted by Macit Ezzati (Majit Ezzati) and his colleagues from Imperial College London (Imperial College London) point out that over the past 40 years, the number of hypertensive patients on the planet has almost doubled. Least likely to identify increased pressure from residents of the United States, South Korea and Canada and among European countries the healthiest in this area was the United Kingdom. However, many people didn’t even know about their diagnosis and its dangers.
In almost all countries among hypertensive patients there were more men than women. Most men with high blood pressure living in European countries – Croatia, Latvia, Lithuania, Hungary and Slovenia. Leaders in women’s hypertension began Africa: Niger, Chad, Mali, Burkina Faso, Somalia.
According to the world health organization high blood pressure annually takes the lives of 7.5 million people, accounting for about 13% of all deaths. Blood pressure is considered elevated or high, if systolic blood pressure equal to or greater than 140 mm Hg and/or diastolic blood pressure equal to or greater than 90 mm Hg.
Causes of hypertension a lot. Among them, the use of large amounts of salt and potassium, low levels of physical activity. Your contribution and genetic factors, and comorbidities. In most cases hypertension can be prevented. High blood pressure is one of the most important preventable causes of cardiovascular diseases in the world.
Experts warn that the number of hypertensive patients is increasing and will continue to grow in the future. They believe that this is due to a lack of information about the dangers of hypertension and that the diet of the people (particularly the poor) lacked balance. Despite the fact that many people get enough calories, consumed foods provoke weight gain, and, consequently, obesity, diabetes, hypertension.