An international group of researchers led by Mark Connors at the National Institute of Allergy and infectious diseases of the United States reported that she was able to open a new antibody, unusually effective against human immunodeficiency virus. According to experts, it is able to neutralize almost all HIV strains, including the most part those that are the most resistant to antibiotics.
The human immunodeficiency virus infects cells of the immune system, causing the immune system is inhibited, and subsequently developing acquired immune deficiency syndrome, depriving the body to protect against infections. Until now, the universal HIV vaccine does not exist, and most of them assists against only one of the many strains.
However, in 2010, the team was able to detect antibody VRC01 can neutralize about 90 percent of the virus strains. For a long time, this antibody was considered to be the most effective, but a new protein discovered by scientists, has surpassed this result. Antibody called N6 found in the blood of one patient, in the course of research proved to be effective against 98 percent of HIV strains, including 16 of the 20 most “invincible” of them. As experts explain, N6, unlike VRC01, affect a fragment of the virus, virtually no change in its mutations, and thus avoids contact with the “protection” virus is a sugar molecule.
A study on the discovery was published in the journal Immunity. Now antibody undergoing clinical trials, and scientists believe that if successful, the antibody in the foreseeable future will form the basis of new drugs, and testing astnot new step towards a universal vaccine against HIV.