British scientists have found evidence that the inhabitants of ancient India began to grow rice around 4.5 thousand years ago, that is, at the same time or even earlier than the ancient Chinese, according to the journal Antiquity.
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Archaeologists found evidence of full domestication of rice in South Asia apart from the same process taking place in China. The ancestor of this figure, most likely, was the species Oryza nivara. In India, according to scientists, was the tradition of the “dry” and “wet” cultivation of local rice. They appeared long before in South Asia has penetrated the Chinese wet rice. It happened about two thousand years ago, says Jennifer Bates (Jennifer Bates) from the British Oxford University.
Bates and her colleagues came to the conclusion that rice in India could domesticate approximately 430 years earlier than the country has imported the Chinese version of the cereal.
Studying the ruins of the ancient city of Rakhigarhi in which people lived about 4.5-5 thousand years ago, scientists came to the conclusion that the settlement was one of the most convenient places for farming. Initially, archaeologists looking for traces of barley and wheat, which were the basis of agriculture in Mesopotamia. Its cities are actively traded in India. However, scientists have found many different crops, including peas, vetch, millet, urad dhal, horse chickpea and rice local varieties. They were grown in the 2700-2600 BC, long before the Chinese rice.
The diversity of cultures generated by different weather and climatic conditions in different parts of India, according to scientists, can explain the persistence of ancient Indian civilization which existed more than two thousand years.