Photo: Sergey Fadeichev/TASS
The sites anonymizers cease to provide users with the opportunity to get to blocked in Russia page. They go at it, to themselves not to be under lock
Popular anonymizers cameleo.ru (“Chameleon”) and kproxy.com blocked this summer, resumed its work in Russia. It happened once those resources to go to banned in Russia sites yourself denied access to them, said RBC representative of Roskomnadzor Vadim Ampelonskiy. To comments cameleo.ru and kproxy.com failed.
Lock on demand
Both resources summer was entered in the register of websites containing information whose dissemination is banned in Russia, and the courts are closed. As noted in the decision of the district court of Sarapul of the Udmurt Republic (RBC), “using cameleo.ru citizens can get unlimited access to banned material, including extremist”. A similar rationale about the lock kproxy.com gave and Uchalinsky district court of Bashkiria (the decision of the court is at the disposal of RBC).
The popularity of the anonymizer began to grow, after Roskomnadzor began to actively block not only sites of an extremist orientation, but also massively visited movie and music torrents. Now in the register forbidden the Internet-resources created in November 2012 and contains the websites that are blocked by the courts and competent authorities, more than 100 thousand names. However, over the last six months, Roskomnadzor has blocked 74 online-anonymizer. “The decision on them, as a rule, are initiated by regional prosecutors, who monitor the observance of legislation on counteraction to extremism, — said Ampelonskiy. — We attribute this to the increase in the active promotion of ways to bypass locks”.
Now anonymizers are willing to block sites from the register of Roskomnadzor. According to Artem Kozluca, Chapter “Roskomsnab” — a public project that promotes freedom of information on the Internet, the threat of blocking also made an anonymizer 2IP.ru to restrict access to the site from the registry. Another anonymizer HideMe.ru — was banned by the decision Uchalinsky district court, but now access to it is open. On request RBC HideMe.ru did not answer.
In February this year, the head of Roskomnadzor Alexander Zharov at a business Breakfast, organized by the “Russian newspaper”, offered legal anonymizers to voluntarily restrict access to banned in Russia sites. In addition, he stated that the issue of blocking anonymizers at this stage is not necessary. Because, on the one hand, such services can be legitimate programs that are used to protect information in the provision of commercial services, such as encryption and information security for banks, said Zharov. On the other — blocking the small programs you use to get on the private website, according to Zharov, did not make sense, since the place is blocked “comes a new, and this race will never end.” The head of Roskomnadzor also pointed to the existence of legitimate programs, plug — ins for popular Internet browsers that allow you to access illegal information. Thus, according to Zharov, the various methods of bypass of locks use no more than 7-10% of Russians. “This so-called motivated audience, which in any case wants to obtain the necessary content,” — said the head of Roskomnadzor.
In search filter
Artem Kozlyuk suggests that the owners of the anonymizers could make the decision to limit access to sites from the register for various reasons. “The closer the resource to the Russian jurisdiction, the more users here, the more the anonymizer is ready to negotiate with the Roskomnadzor,” said Kozluk. According SimilarWeb, cameleo.ru had 4.5 million users and more than 73% of them from Russia. However, over the last month, the audience share fell to 88%. Have HideMe.ru — the average for the six months 1.7 million visits per month, kproxy.com — 2.7 million, 2ip.ru — 6.7 million
While Kozlyuk calls the decisions of the courts about blocking anonymizers illegal. “No rule prohibits this kind of functionality. After the decision of the Anapa city court has blocked the page “Roskomsnab”, listing the tools bypass the blocking of sites, we have received a clarification from the Ministry of communications, which stated that “in the current legislation there are no provisions limiting the use of technology for “proxy traffic” and “anonymizers”, — said the head of “Roskomsnab”.
Roskomnadzor also began to discuss voluntary filtering banned in Russia sites with representatives of Opera Software company, develops eponymous browser, with features bypass the lock, wrote “Kommersant”. “We are ready to send periodically the list of resources for such a filter at the conclusion of the relevant bilateral agreement. Dialogue is ongoing. Yet of any formal agreements talk is premature,” — said the representative of Roskomnadzor newspaper. The representative of the Corporation Google, which owns the Chrome browser, declined to answer the question, and discussed whether the company is the possibility of blocking sites from the registry. So did the representative of Microsoft (Internet Explorer). A representative of Mozilla did not answer the question RBC.
According to Artem Kozluca, with the increasing number of blocked content the number of users of anonymizers is growing. But he believes that they lock, and restrict access to banned content through browsers with special features, does not fundamentally change its accessibility. “It only makes more other tools bypass the lock, not tied to the browser, for example, VPN services or Tor,” — said the head of “Roskomsnab”.
VPN (Virtual Private Network) technology to create secure Network or tunnel inside the insecure Internet to protect, encrypt and change the data exchanged between the user’s computer and web sites or web services on the Internet. Tor (The Onion Router) is an open source software that allows using the system proxy to set the anonymous network connection.
The representative of the ROC for the restriction of anonymity on the Internet
Monday, November 21, held in “National news service” the round table “the pursuit of likes, or Who killed our children?” Archpriest of the Russian Orthodox Church Vsevolod Chaplin has proposed the “completely eliminate anonymity on the Internet”. The idea came in the context of measures to limit the impact of social networking on children. According to Chaplin, it helps to apply legal and moral principles in the same way as in offline.