The alleged accomplice of the terrorists in the Dubrovka partially admitted guilt in court: he said that he had brought a weapon to the belt of shahids to Moscow, but did not know about the true intentions of the militants took hostage the audience of the musical “Nord-OST”
In the Moscow district military court on Tuesday started the trial of the case on one of the last supporters of terrorists, zaminirovanii the theater building with the hostages in Moscow on Dubrovka in October 2002. In the dock one person — the native of Chechnya Hasan Zakayev. According to investigators, he helped terrorists to deliver weapons from Grozny to Moscow.
All 40 terrorists who seized the theater, according to the official version, were killed during the liberation of the audience and actors of the musical “Nord-OST”. Another six accomplices have already been convicted and are serving their sentences, wanted remains only one man — the alleged accomplice of Gerihan Dudayev.
Zakayev was arrested in August 2014 in the Crimea, where under an assumed name went on the train to the capital. Recent years, as the materials of the case (RBC), he lived in the Ukraine with false documents.
The trial Zakayev was supposed to start a year ago — in December 2015. But the hearing was postponed several times due to the fact that the prosecution could not notify the victims — the former hostages and their relatives. But after these delays to the hearing on Tuesday came just a few dozen people. One of the groups of victims represented a well-known lawyer Karinna Moskalenko, who specially arrived in the capital city of Strasbourg.
Interests Zakayev, at his request, along with a professional lawyer is his brother on the civil rights defender.
At the court session, the Prosecutor read out the indictment in the case. So, according to the documents of the case, Zakayev, native of the Chechen city of Urus-Martan, in 2002, brought together with his accomplice Dudayev from Chechnya to Moscow weapons, suicide vests, and explosive devices (WU-cylinders), disguised as receivers of the brake system of “KAMAZ”. The load he delivered in several stages and covered it with apples. Subsequently, these cylinders and suicide belts were mined hall theater on Dubrovka.
Also, according to the investigators, Zakayev bought the “left” SIM card on the Mitinsky radio market for the communications of terrorists, and got the car “Tavriya” on the ad in the newspaper “hand in hand”, which is then terrorists blew up near the “McDonald’s” in the street Pokryshkina. Then, one person died and another eight were wounded.
According to investigators, Zakayev also planned undermining of the two machines in the capital the year before: about Duma, and on Pushkin square. But the attack did not happen — the car was a simulator instead of explosives.
After the Prosecutor read the facts of the case, the court gave the floor to Zakayev. “I admit the guilt partially,” stated Zakayev. The marshals handed him a microphone in a glass aquarium, and explained that he actually brought guns to the capital. “But I did not participate in criminal community did not know about the goals,” said Zakayev. More accused will be speaking later — when it will be available to testify.
Basayev and fake money
The organizer of the terrorist attack on Dubrovka investigators believe militant Shamil Basayev, who was killed according to the official version in 2006. It was confirmed during interrogations, one of accomplices of terrorists Aslanbek haskhanov (serving 22-year sentence), who was responsible for the recruitment and placement of terrorists in Moscow. The purpose of the attack, according to Hasanova was “to force the Russians to withdraw from Chechnya”. The preparation of the terrorist attack dealt Ruslan Elmurzaev, known under the alias Abubakar, follows from the materials of the case that was read by RBC.
In accordance with the operational certificates (RBC), Elmurzayev was a confidant of the President, the prima Bank. A few days before the attack on 16 October he was appointed head of the security service. With him “on the job” were taken by two people, who then participated directly in the attack on the theatre.
The newspaper “Izvestia” has advanced the theory that Elmurzayev actually was the actual owner of the “prima-Bank”. And according to the testimony of employees, the organization received large sums of counterfeit dollars, pointed out Alexander Khinshtein in his publications in “Moskovsky Komsomolets”. In 2003, after the death of Elmurzayeva during the attack, prima Bank, was declared bankrupt. But the official leader of the assault on the theatrical center investigators believe 23-year-old Movsar Barayev (Salamov is not) — the nephew of terrorist Arbi Barayev, “famous” abductions of people in Chechnya and killed in 2001.
He Arbi Barayev, according to former intelligence officer Alexander Litvinenko (who escaped to London and poisoned with polonium), was involved in printing counterfeit dollars in Chechnya and collaborated with the FSB.
According to the materials of the case, the choice of the object of the attack, the terrorists were considering several options — including discussing the attack on the Bolshoi theatre and the Duma. But they stopped at the theater center on Dubrovka.
At nine in the evening of 23 October, the people in masks and with machine guns rushed into the theater building, some terrorists were already among the spectators. Only 21 men and 19 women, they took hostage 912 people. Immediately after the capture of the terrorists made demands — immediate withdrawal of Russian troops from Chechnya. But also began to release the hostages were released a little more than ten children under 12 years, says the member of the coordination Council of the public organization “Nord-OST” Dmitry Milovidov. In the theater were two of his underage daughter — the youngest of the terrorists released, the eldest, who was 14 years old, was left in the hall and died. The terrorists also released Muslims, foreigners and some Russians. In total, according to Milovidova, before the assault were released or managed to escape, no less than 108 people.
As follows from the transcripts of negotiations (RBC), throughout the capture of the terrorists are constantly negotiated by phone calls received from Chechnya, Georgia, Turkey and Britain. First, they congratulated each other with the beginning of the operation and said that “they are in high spirits”, “sitting on duty in the keys”.”Came NTV journalists… We told them not terrorists, if we were terrorists, I would have demanded a million dollars, the plane, the hallway and the country,” talked with an unknown in the night of October 25, Barayev.
But General enthusiasm gradually subsided. “Just talking, no one decides, we are ready to everything”, is already ten in the morning of October 25, Abubakar spoke with a man named Azadi. He complained that there is no communication with Shamil (Basayev), and asked if Stripping in Chechnya among their relatives. Threatened that if the first phase is the taking of hostages will not cause the necessary reaction, that is the second — 100 kamikaze outside one call will blow themselves up in different parts of the city.
By evening, the terrorists said that they will no longer release the hostages, from the phone transcripts. At ten o’clock the Abubakar called Boris Nemtsov, he urged the release of school — took hostage the whole class with the teacher. “Today in Chechnya, held a peaceful day,” said Nemtsov, and requested that, in exchange for a truce, Abubakar freed teenagers.
Abubakar refused, he demanded that for talks to them sent an “official from the President”. Immediately after Nemtsov, at 22:49 hours Abubakar called General Viktor Kazantsev, commander of the anti-terrorist operation in the North Caucasus. “I am a representative of the President authorized to negotiate concerning the Chechen issue,” said Kazantsev and the first flight was promised to fly to Moscow from Rostov-on-don. In theatre, according to his calculations, he was supposed to arrive by 11am. “The only request that during the night there were no excesses” — asked terrorists Kazantsev. But a few hours later the assault began.
Half an hour to blow
At 5 am in the theatre was put into the gas, and after about half an hour the assault began. Former hostage Lyudmila Otroshko during the interrogation, 28 Oct told that the theatre in the evening there were rumors that law enforcement officers are preparing the assault. “One of the terrorists closer to the climax said — prepare for the storm, it took some time, and I blacked out, and woke up in the hospital,” said witness (interrogation Protocol).
According to the materials of the case, the terrorists were at least a half hour to blow up themselves and the theater. But immediately after in the hall with the hostages was put gas, Barayev ordered to shoot at the Windows, still almost half an hour the terrorists were shot in the hallways, it follows from the testimony that in its decision refers to the European court of human rights (the ECHR’s decision on the complaint of Finogenov and others).
“When gas has gone, the women bombers just lay on the floor next to the hostages, and trying not to blow the hall,” cited the testimony of witnesses in the decision of the ECHR.
According to official data, after the storm and for several days in hospitals died of 125 hostages. According to forensic medical examination, the death was “acute respiratory and cardiac insufficiency caused by a dangerous combination of unfavorable factors: severe long psychoemotional stress, reduced oxygen content in the air, prolonged forced position of the body, usually accompanied by the development of oxygen starvation of the organism, dehydration, prolonged sleep deprivation, as well as respiratory disorders caused by exposure to unidentified chemicals, which led to a rapid shutdown of consciousness”.
An unknown substance
The formula of gas, which was used the security services on Dubrovka, have so far not been disclosed. From the official answer of management of FSB across Moscow the head of “For human rights” Lev Ponomarev, it follows that intelligence agencies have used “secretatory based on derivatives of fentanyl” (RBC). Such drugs, explained in a letter, used in the medical practice during surgery and have anesthetic effect.
About the same almost immediately after the tragedy, 30 October, said Minister of health Yury Shevchenko. “To neutralize the terrorists was used in the composition of derivatives of fentanyl. “[Gas] refers to medicines and cannot cause a lethal outcome”, — quotes words of the Minister the portal Newsrucom.
Derivatives of fentanyl have actually been used in medicine as anaesthesia, indicates in its opinion the microbiologist and Professor at the University of California, Davis mark Willis, which he did by request of one of the victims (it is cited in the ECtHR decision in the case of Finogenov against Russia).
“You know how small the difference between a dose sufficient for euthanasia, and lethal dose. Death usually occurs due to respiratory failure. Since all the known derivatives of fentanyl have similar, and very narrow, the boundaries of safe use, it could be expected that people can die from respiratory failure,” says Willis.
Many survivors of the tragedy also began to have problems with health. It tells Milovidov, at least 40 former hostages had developed chronic disease, problems with memory, was discovered disease of the heart and nervous systems. A few people have a disability.
“All we can’t follow, the hostages were residents of the 42 cities,” says Milovidov. But nobody wants to take responsibility for what happened, complains Milovidov. From the state the relatives of the victims received assistance in 114 thousand rubles, for 225 thousand rubles to victims, including former hostage, has paid various organization.
The most noticeable amount in 2011 decided to pay the victims of the Strasbourg court. He awarded compensation to the claimants 64 in size from 9 to 66 thousand euros.