The representative of the space research Institute Igor Mitrofanov said that in the polar regions of Mars with considerable probability are “oases” of liquid water, populated with primitive microorganisms. According to the scientist, in favor of this assumption indicates the Presence of considerable amounts of water ice in the soil on the red planet, as well as a number occurring in it processes.
As explained by the head of the laboratory space gamma spectroscopy IKI, in the polar regions of the planet water ice is the main rock-forming element. This, in turn, suggests the existence at some depth beneath the surface of the “oases” of liquid water. In this case, the ice could be preserved fragments of microorganisms that have inhabited Mars over 3.5 billion years ago when it was much more like Earth, and so the chances of habitability was significantly higher.
The activity of primitive organisms, according to the scientist, could explain registered on Mars atmospheric emissions of methane.
Igor Mitrofanov is not the only researcher who believes that Mars can be inhabited. Previously this position was expressed, for example, NASA astronaut Tom Jones, a planetary scientist from the University of Arizona’s Alfred McEwen, a group of scientists led by James head of brown University, as well as a number of researchers representing the University of Arizona. Some of the experts as the argument to mention water ice on the planet, and some refer to other indirect evidence of the habitability of the red planet obtained by the Mars Rovers.
Naturally, scientists agree that even if Mars is inhabited, we can talk only about the primitive organisms. This, however, does not interfere with the self-proclaimed ufologists and other specialists to report “discovered” on Mars photos of animals ranging from Scorpions and ending with the camels and gorillas. However, in such cases, in all probability, talking about the phenomenon of pareidolia — visual illusions, forcing to see in a strange shape (for example, Martian rocks of unusual shape) something more familiar (for example, silhouettes of animals).