Information about the possible extension of the “Plato” previously not advertised anywhere and was a complete surprise to the automotive community. “Plato” is valid for almost a year, and fees from the major carriers are in full swing.
“The idea of monitoring movements of trucks less, apparently, was relevant in terms of reduction of budget revenues, says automotive expert Igor Morzharetto. Large dvenadtsatistrunnye cars are really broken roads, but as far as guilty in this medium-duty trucks, still stands out”.
What is the system of “Plato” and how it works?
Vehicles with loads from 3,5 to 12 tons per axle are used for small distances. They run from major logistics centers to final consumers in cities and towns. Secondary shoulder of the route is rarely more than 150-300 km.
“It was assumed that in 2016 using the automated system, the Federal budget will receive 20 billion rubles of additional income, but in practice over the year, including the end of 2015, “Plato” earned budget only 16.7 billion, says analyst GC “ALOR” Kirill Yakovenko. — Thus, taking into account the factor of reducing the level of consumption and household expenditure on purchase of durable goods pre-holiday November-December is unlikely to make it to the target indicators”.
According to the analyst, each year, the state is obliged to transfer to the operator of the “Plato” of “RT-invest the Transport System” 10.6 billion rubles, regardless of performance. Initially, this amount did not look as impressive, because it was assumed that with each year of “Plato” will bring more funds: 20 billion in 2016, 2017 21 in, 23 in 2018, in 2019 over 24… Thus, the maintenance cost was not to exceed 50% of the revenues received by the Treasury. In practice so far, the situation looks very different.
New year — new prices? What impact will the “Plato” on the cost of food
Hard to say what went wrong, but I attribute the wrong assessment of the market of transport using heavy trucks, but rather, the influence of the decline in consumption and imports. It turns out that even if the current volume of freight transport using heavy targets “Plato” is unlikely.
How to use the money received from the “Plato”?
Outputs from this situation, not so much. The first — increase of tariffs for trucks from 1.5 to 3 rubles by next summer. Thus, it is assumed that the income from the activities of “Plato” will grow almost twice. But it is worth noting that such a move could lead to the opposite consequences, namely the reduction in the volume of freight trucks and the redistribution of traffic flows in favor of light trucks. Most likely, the state is ahead of the curve and ready to close for the carriers and the loophole. Outside the “Plato” then there will be only light trucks by type “Gazelles”.
“In this situation, understand the position of the Ministry of transport — continues to Igor Morzharetto. — It turns out that “Plato” feeds on itself, as workers lose their budgets for road repairs. Many people’s introduction, “Plato” has caused serious skepticism a year ago, which resulted in the growth of dissent. Not added optimism and now.”
Not until the end of the influence of Plato and the retail price. The official position of the Ministry of transport says that during the year its contribution to inflation amounted to 0.1%. Informally, given the fact that since the beginning of the work “Plato” the cost of transportation by trucks grew by 7-8%, the impact on retail prices is estimated at 0,3-0,5%. But even these data are located within the statistical errors on the background of other adverse market factors.
State-saving. Why real inflation is higher than the official?
“Growth rates of “Platon” can add an extra 0.5-0.7% of the annual rate of inflation,” continued Kirill Yakovenko. And distribution system 3.5-ton crane will raise this figure even higher.
Recall that the control system for cargo transportation on Federal highways “Plato” was introduced a year ago to collect funds for the repair of crumbling highways. In each main truck installed device satellite tag movement control. The route information transmitted at a single center, which performed the calculation of tolls. It was assumed that due to the new acquisitions fare trucks on Federal highways will be able to improve the road network of the state. However, motor carriers opposed the introduction of “Plato”. At the time the conflict was settled with a reduced rate to 1.5 rubles per kilometer.
In Europe there is no similar “Plato” system, but charge for road usage fee will be charged. It happens in offices at the Federal highways. In recent years, Germany introduced the control of movement dvenadtsatistrunnye trucks using GPS tags. However, drivers always have alternative routes.