The human rights organization “memorial”
Photo: Ekaterina Kuzmina/RBC
On the website of the society “memorial” published a database of nearly 40 thousand employees of the NKVD era of the “great terror”. Press Secretary of the President Dmitry Peskov called it “sensitive issue”, opinions which differ
Reporters asked the press Secretary of Russian President Dmitry Peskov whether to disclose information about the NKVD, as did the human rights organization “memorial”.
“The topic is very sensitive. Obviously, opinions diverge here for many, there are diametrically opposite points of view, and they both speak very convincingly,” — said Peskov, reports RBC.
Access the Handbook by A. N. Zhukov “the staff of bodies of state security of the USSR. 1935 — 1939” containing a brief information about 39 950 NKVD, “memorial” was opened on its website the day before, November 23.
The Handbook includes almost all who have been assigned the special rank of the system of state security since their introduction in 1935 until the beginning of 1941, particular attention is paid to the period from 1935 to 1939, notes on the website of “Memorial”. Also, the directory contains biographical information obtained from other sources.
The main source of information were the orders of the NKVD personnel. The Handbook includes the number and date of orders about assignment of titles, resignation from the Commissariat of information on occupied before the dismissal positions, as well as information on received awards.
Reference, as noted in the “Memorial” will be useful for those interested in Soviet history.
Earlier in November it became known that the graduate of the Tomsk University Denis Karagodin intends to achieve in the courts the condemnation of all perpetrators including Joseph Stalin in the NKVD execution of his great-grandfather in 1938. Within five years Karagodin led their own investigation, during which he pulled out of the archive act on the execution of his grandfather and the names of direct perpetrators of the sentence.
Such acts according to the law of 1992 on the withdrawal of the secrecy of materials, “which served as the basis for mass repression and attacks on human rights”, is required to issue in the archives at the request of citizens.
The historian of the “Memorial” Nikita Petrov noted that Karagodin approached his investigation systematically and correctly built the query to the archives, but consistently tracked the whole chain of perpetrators in the shooting of his grandfather — from the performers to the direct resolution of the Politburo of the CPSU (b) on 2 July 1937 “On anti-Soviet elements”, wrote “Vedomosti”.
According to historian Ivan Kurillo, if karagodina will be followed by other descendants of victims of repression, it may start a public debate and even lead to the recognition of criminal responsibility of the state for repression.