The death of Fidel: how ended the revolutionary myth

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The son of a planter and a graduate of the prestigious Jesuit College established one of the longest-running dictatorships in the world. Such regimes inevitably change after the death of the leader

Dead man-the myth — so long to embody the romantic revolution could do that same mythological Lenin. A man died-the jungle. He crossed from Mexico to “Granma”. He came down from the forests of the Sierra Maestra, where no one could find, in addition correspondent for The New York Times Herbert Matthews, who wrote about the big man with olive skin and confusing as the jungle, a beard, a series of complementary essays. He fought off the landing at the Bay of Pigs and rarely cheated on their mazeobraznye cigar-militaristic image. One of my friends, the official recalled how he had once spend the night in the mansion on the Sparrow hills, where Castro stayed during a visit to Moscow, “in the spacious bed of Fidel” and the whole night didn’t sleep a wink. The spirit of commander hovered over the former Lingaraj…

Pragmatist and fanatic

For all its extraordinary mifologichno Castro is a model of cunning and pragmatism. In fact, he betrayed the revolution against the dictator Batista, who was neither Marxist nor socialist.

Unlike his brother, Raul, who was a Marxist, Fidel is not too fond of evergreen teaching, and exchanged his abstract views on Leninism for oil, loans and purchase of sugar. The Soviet leadership Scarecrow uncle Sam his support of Castro and Fidel traded within the country — the revolutionary myth was greatly refreshed and rejuvenated thanks to the presentation of the population of the USSR barbudos.

And Castro is one of the closest associates of the same overgrown jungle beard Hubert Matos, almost immediately after the victory of the revolution was put in prison, where he spent 20 years. The brutal executions of opponents and the confiscation of agricultural land in the early days let know to all: no democracy, revolution, totalitarian.

Antistrophe the motion of the leader of the revolution was suppressed a few years and have dealt with him finally only to 1965, when even in the USSR, the Cuban myth started moving saveriades, — he was ridiculed to the tune of the song of 1962 “Cuba, my love!”: “Cuba, give our bread, Cuba, take your sugar!” The economy of Fidel brought down almost immediately when, instead of an economist Felipe Pasos, who organized the once meeting Herbert Matthews with Castro in the Sierra Maestra, head of the national Bank was appointed Che Guevara, the Argentinean physician and comrade Comandante, another symbol of the revolution. To manage the economy and finances is not a cigar in the jungle to smoke.

So the revolution Castro was a Communist and anti-American. So because of Fidel in 1962, the world almost blew up in result of the Cuban missile crisis. So the son of a planter and his former servant, who later became the second wife of a man who graduated from the prestigious Jesuit College and received a law degree at the University of Havana, established one of the longest-running dictatorships in the world. And when Methuselah in age, and terminally ill, terribly grumbling about the fact that Barack Obama initiated a reset between the U.S. and Cuba.

Of course, Castro was a fanatic. It is rather a property of nature, irrepressible and rebellious do, which was manifested in his student age. He was really ready to go all the way and courageously took the verdict of the authorities of Batista, which gave him 15 years, but after a year released. What Fulgencio Batista, the master of coups, then regretted.

With the same fanaticism Castro made the revolution for themselves. And at that time to do it yourself meant to be friends with Khrushchev, not Eisenhower. So Castro was a Marxist-Leninist, which corresponded not so much his views, how many psychophysical device. Already in postromanticism period of relations with the USSR, he started a “revolutionary” military assistance to Angola than the Soviet leadership was extremely dissatisfied with: Castro, anyone in the Soviet Union was not consulted.

Reform post mortem

It would seem that nothing but died of the myth, memories from childhood about romantic barbudos, the slogan “Cuba — si, Yankee no” and secret puffs imported in the USSR cigarettes “Partagas” (red oval on white packet) with sweet paper made from sugar cane from Cuba ostrovskoy left. But persistent anti-Americanism and the phantom pain of the former Empire did not give rest to the Russian elites — Cuba still is still considered “ours.” Although, it seems, after the Cuban-American detente about this “zone of influence” have to forget. Not to mention the fact that, generally speaking, a revolution, a La Castro was one of the first orange and now we have these historical examples are evaluated as extremely negative. Although we try to be friends with Venezuelan followers of Castro, who has brought his country to starvation.

Such “revolutionary” regimes end or modifierade after the dictator’s death. So it was with the thaw after the death of Stalin, the late Soviet Union after the “five-year plan lavish funeral”. Conversion began only post mortem gerontocrats had physiologically to leave before even just thinking about upgrading became possible.
Actually a little sorry when the myth finally dies. In my Desk holds the figure of the elder brother, made in the early 1960s: orderly rows go barbudos, one of them, the bearded, bears a huge Cuban flag. After ten years I in your Yearbook will draw the scene of the murder of President Allende. But that’s another story…

The authors ‘ point of view, articles which are published in the section “Opinions” may not coincide with ideas of editorial.

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