Photo: Nikita Popov/RBC
The government has proposed to set the excise tax on alcohol medicinal tinctures, household chemicals and cosmetics. The reason — use products as a replacement for alcohol. The result is 1.5 times may increase “Corvalol”
To register and to report
The Finance Ministry will prepare amendments to the legislation and the Tax code providing for the imposition of excise duties on alcohol-containing cosmetic and pharmaceutical products, with the exception of vital and essential drugs (EDL). Order office gave the Vice-Premier Alexander Khloponin, who oversees the alcohol market. About it at the end of October reported to the Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev, a copy of his address is at the disposal of RBC. The representative Khloponin refused to confirm the authenticity of the document and to comment on its contents.
Due to declining revenues and increasing prices on spirits the Russians are increasingly drinking is not designed for this alcohol-containing liquid, justifies in a letter his proposal Khloponin. Such liquids he considers lotion “Cucumber”, “Boyars”, the tincture of hawthorn and wild rose, and alcohol additives “Bread”, “Wheat”, etc. In recent years, increased sales of such products in Tatarstan, Ufa, Samara, Vologda, Cheboksary, Saransk, Kaluga, stated in the document.
If the initiative of Deputy Prime Minister be implemented, it will affect drugs used by the population for its intended purpose: for example, “Korvalola” and “Valocordin”.
Today, in accordance with the Tax code, alcohol-based medicines, veterinary drugs, food products, cosmetics volume of not more than 100 ml is not recognized as excisable products.
Medical tinctures and cosmetic lotions regularly consume misused 12-15 million people, more than 10% of Russians, told RBC earlier the head of the Center for the study of Federal and regional alcohol markets (tsifrra) Vadim Drobiz.
Khloponin proposes to recognize all excisable alcohol non-food products and to abolish the zero rate of excise duty on certain types of cosmetics and household chemicals. The rate of excise duty should be United with strong alcoholic beverages. Now the excise tax on spirits is 500 rubles. for 1 liter of pure alcohol.
The excise tax should apply to all alcohol medicines, except for medicines included into the list indicates Khloponin. Pharmaceutical market needs to extend the unified state automated information system of accounting of production and turnover of alcohol (EGAIS) for distribution of ethanol — alcohol intended for the production of medicines. According to the current legislation of the Russian pharmaceutical market will be introduced from 2017, but it will capture only the production of ethanol.
Retail flavors “Bread” and “Wheat” should be prohibited altogether, says Khloponin. Regions also need to be empowered by self-control retail sales of alcohol non-food products.
The Finance Ministry did not respond to a request RBC. The Ministry of health reported that in the framework of the fight against “pharmacy” alcoholism, the Department has prepared a draft Federal law banning the sale of alcohol pharmacy products in vending machines.
The hospital budget and the pension
If the Ministry of Finance will finalize the initiative, it will hurt the population, I’m sure Executive Director of the National pharmaceutical chamber Elena Nevolina. Many popular alcoholic tinctures such as Valerian tincture, “Corvalol”, “Valokordin”, “Drops votchala”, are not included in the essential drugs list. After the introduction of excise duty the price will soar, or they will simply withdraw from the market, she points out. Indirectly it may affect the work of the ambulance, as pensioners, accustomed to certain drugs, in their absence, will be more likely to call the medical team, says Nevolina
Another alcohol-containing medication that is not included in the list is a solution for external use “Batolin”, which is actively used for disinfection of hands of medical workers. Retail price of 100 ml is about 35 RUB. After the introduction of the excise tax the cost could grow by about two times, said Nevolina.
Although hospitals in large volumes buy “Batolin”, in the structure of sales is less than 1%. According to analytical company DSM Group, in 2014 purchases “Batolina” amounted to 179 million roubles, in 2015 — RUB 195 million and in the first 9 months of 2016 — 171 million rubles Of them on the market of public procurement accounted for only 549 thousand RUB, thousand RUB 820 and 936 thousand.
Assuming the rate of excise duty of 500 rubles per 1 liter of pure alcohol, the price of “Corvalol” will increase by 1.5 times the cost of the “Kerneland” (a drop of votchal) and “Valocordin” — a few percent.
The measures proposed by the government will help to better control the market of pharmaceutical alcohol, I’m sure the Chairman of the Union of manufacturers of alcoholic production Dmitry Dobrov. “USAIS and excise taxes have proved effective in the alcohol market. We are growing sales volumes, volumes of receipts in the budget, has practically disappeared illegal products,” he says.
Largest pharmaceutical manufacturers alcohol drugs
In the Ministry of industry RBC provided a list of the largest pharmaceutical manufacturers alcohol-based preparations. Leaders both in monetary and in real terms are “Hippocrates” from Samara (revenue in 2015 980 million rubles., the production volume of 51.8 million packages), “flora Kavkaza” from the Karachay-Cherkessia (230,9 million rubles and 13.4 million packages), “Begriff” (Novosibirsk oblast; 211,7 mln and 10.9 million packages), Tula pharmaceutical factory (251,5 mln RUB 9.6 million packs), Ivanovo pharmaceutical factory (138,1 mln and 7.5 mln packs).
The market of alcohol of drugs is increasing from year to year. According to DSM Group, in 2014 he made 3 billion rubles, in 2015 — almost 4 billion RUB in the first 9 months of 2016 to 3.1 billion rubles.