Photo: Elena Afonina / TASS
10 years ago, 15 February 2007, Ramzan Kadyrov was appointed acting President of the Chechen Republic. Two months later he took the post of the head of Chechnya. How 10 years has changed the main socio-economic indicators in the region in the review of the RBC
From 2006 to 2016, the Chechen Republic has received from the Federal budget in the form of subsidies, subventions and subsidies 677,39 billion rubles Republic for several years, remains one of the most subsidized (in 2016 more from the Federal budget received only the Republic of Ingushetia).
The volume of gratuitous receipts, the Republic occupies the 10th place — 67,91 billion rubles, which is five times less than that of the leaders of the list of Moscow and Moscow region (354,59 bn), and nearly one and a half times less than that of the Crimea (of 92.54 billion). The level of own revenues Chechnya is on the 75th place.
In November 2016, during the procedure of approval of the Federal budget, Ramzan Kadyrov, has spoken out against the proposals of the Ministry of Finance to cut the budget of the Chechen Republic. “If and further will continue the practice of budget cuts, the Republic will not be able to develop, we will not be able to fulfill their social obligations”, — Kadyrov said at the meeting, where the leadership of the Republic discussed issues of formation of the Chechen budget by 2017. In the end, the government decided that in 2017 Chechnya will receive almost as much, and in 2016 — RUR 40.4 bn.
- The population
Since 2006, the population of Chechnya has increased by 19.46% and amounted at the beginning of 2016 — of 1.41 million people. 65% live in rural areas. In the Republic the highest in Russia proportion of children — more than 34%.
The Kadyrov’s 10 children. 4 Oct 2016 was held in Grozny fighting tournament Grand Prix Akhmat 2016, which took part including three sons of the head of Chechnya-Akhmad, nine-year-old Zelimkhan and eight-year-old Adam. Children’s participation in the tournament has criticized the President of the Union of the mixed single combats of MMA of Russia Fedor Emelyanenko and the President of the International Association of the mixed single combats (WMMAA) Vadim Finkelstein. The children’s Ombudsman of Chechnya Khamzat Khirakhmatov said that violations of children’s fighting has not been revealed. The Ministry of sports of Russia promised to investigate the matter.
For 8 years — from 2008 to the beginning of 2016 — Chechnya, according to Rosstat and Chechentara, left about 150 thousand people. Peak exit occurred in 2011-2013. The following two years, the number of travelers stayed at the same level, but from Chechnya are still more leaving than coming. In addition, over the past two years increased the number of people leaving abroad, while the number of departures in Russia declined.
Since 2010 (earlier data on the level of per capita income of population) income of the population grew by 176,80%. According to Rosstat, at the beginning of 2016 he has made 33166 RUB.
- The crime rate
In Chechnya, it registers a very few crimes. In 2016, the Prosecutor General’s office reported about registration of the 3.7 million crimes — less only seven sparsely populated regions of Russia. The Republic occupies the 78th place in terms of criminality.
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At the same time the number of registered crimes per capita Chechnya is in last place in Russia in 2016, the Prosecutor General’s office received information of 2.67 crimes per 1,000 people. For comparison, in Moscow this indicator is equal to 14.1, and the region-“the champion” on this indicator was of Tyva, where 1,000 people had 34,58 crimes.
In April 2016 a resident of the village of Kenkhi Ramazan Zalaldinov sent a video message to President Putin. In it, he complained about the delay of salaries of local teachers, and showed extensive damage in the village. He said that the village of Kenkhi is in a dilapidated condition after the war and floods. Zalaldinov claimed that complaints to the local authorities don’t lead anywhere.
In early may, the “Caucasian knot” reported that in Kenkhi came Kadyrov. The edition with reference to eyewitnesses wrote that he instructed for three months to repair roads and tower systems, conduct gas and to build mosques in the area.
The newspaper noted that in Kenkhi to Kadyrov tried to speak a few people are ready to confirm the words Zalaldinov, but was not allowed to meet, and then talked to them a senior police officer sharoyskogo district. May 12 the Dagestan edition “Chernovik” reported the burning of the house Zalaldinov. Kadyrov is the fact that arson denied, stating that thus “Zalaldinov this campaign is trying to open a door to Europe.”
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- The unemployment rate
Unemployment rate by the end of 2016 Chechnya came in second place, losing only to Ingushetia. The last time the first place in Russia (15,7%, 99,5 thousand) Chechnya was at the end of 2014.
- The mentioning of the Republic in the media
The number of references to Chechnya in the media greatly increased in 10 years — more than 100 times. At the same time in a structured RBC ranking of occurrence of regions of Russia in the media in 2016 Chechnya is only 38-e a place. Republic mentioned 316,6 thousand times, slightly above the median of occurrence of the Russian regions (294 thousand for the year 2016).
Kadyrov is an active user of social networks. His account in Instagram has become a platform for debate and political decisions. Now Kadyrov has nearly 2.5 million subscribers. For this indicator, the head of Chechnya is second only to Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev (2.6 million), but insignificantly.