– The law “On education”, which provides for 12 years of education in the school and enhancing the role of the Ukrainian language, came into force in Ukraine.
The law was officially published in the newspaper of the Verkhovna Rada “Voice of Ukraine” No. 178-179 of 27 September. According to transitional provisions to the law adopted by the Parliament on September 5, it shall enter into force the day after publication, except for certain provisions. The law specifies that the language of the educational process in educational institutions is the state language, but in accordance with the educational program can be taught one or more courses two or more languages – the state, in English, the other official languages of the European Union.
Persons belonging to national minorities guaranteed the right of education in native language along with the Ukrainian language in separate classes (groups) of public institutions of preschool and primary education.
At the same time representatives of national minorities, who had begun teaching at the school until 2018, continue it will get by the old rules, with a gradual increase in the number of items in the Ukrainian language.
The law provides that a full secondary education will last for 12 years and consist of primary education duration 4 years basic secondary education with duration of 5 years, which is obtained in the gymnasium, and specialized secondary education lasting 3 years, which comes to the Lyceum or the institutions of professional education.
Specialized secondary education (high school) may be two directions – educational and professional.
Training of students in the 12-year schools for primary education begins September 1, 2018, for basic secondary education 1 September 2022 and to specialized secondary education – September 1, 2027.
The law establishes the need to ensure education funding from the state budget, local budgets and sources, not prohibited by law, in the amount of 7% of GDP.
As reported, the Ministry of foreign Affairs of Hungary said on 26 September about the country’s intention to block the rapprochement between Ukraine and the EU because of the law on education.