Winter holidays: traditions celebrate on Earth and in space

A series of long weekends on the occasion of New year and Christmas will soon be coming to an end. However, Google found that the winter holidays are still in full swing and they have dedicated so-called Doodle the image on the main page.

Naturally, New year and Christmas are the only holidays celebrated in the period from December to February, this period, including, have the day of the Constitution of the Russian Federation, the defender of the Fatherland Day, also very popular, though not officially celebrate Valentine’s Day. However, under the phrase “winter holidays” taken to imply that gap covering the first half of January.

Since 1700 by decree of Peter I the New year in Russia was celebrated on 1 January, and still on the Julian calendar. It coincided with the European tradition, but by 1700 most European countries have already switched to the Gregorian calendar, so Russia celebrated the onset of 1700 for 10 days later than in European countries. In 1918 on new style passed and Russia, in 1919, the New year was first celebrated simultaneously in Russia and Europe. It is believed that by the time the New year has turned into a purely secular holiday, and Christmas in the Church. In this respect the Russian tradition differs from the West, where Christmas is more important holiday than New year, is celebrated even by people who do not consider themselves to Christianity.

In the night from 13 to 14 January is celebrated especially popular in post-Soviet space the paradoxical, at first glance, the name “old New year”. Of course, it means a New year, old style, or Julian calendar. Thus, the existence of this holiday is explained in the same as the difference in time of celebration between the Catholic and Orthodox Christmas. It should be noted that January 14 is the Church’s new year which is celebrated on September 14, or September 1, old style. The Russian Orthodox Church on the first day of the Old New year celebrates the feast of the Circumcision of the Lord and the memory of Basil the Great.

Winter holidays celebrated not only by people in many countries on Earth, but members of the crew of the International space station, met the onset of January in orbit. New year on the ISS can be noted 16 times, while the station crosses different time zones. But usually it is celebrated 3-4 times, focusing on the earth the time of the astronauts. Christmas cosmonauts and astronauts are celebrated according to the Julian and the Gregorian calendar, and the whole crew is on duty the opportunity to celebrate the holidays according to their culture, religion and ethnicity. In the eve of winter holidays aboard the ISS tied to something stationary and dress up toys from plastco and a little tinsel artificial Christmas tree. Also cosmonauts and astronauts hold a joint gala dinner, during which, however, is not used champagne (in space it turns into foam) and alcohol in General.

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