“Gazprom” wants to order the development of technology of extraction of the isotope helium-3 from helium natural gas – the relevant request for proposals, “Gazprom” intends to announce in March, the company said. To work have time until may 2021. The research budget of 81 million rubles.
The largest deposits of Eastern Siberia – the Chayandinskoye and Kovyktinskoye to the development of which “Gazprom” begins in the present time, contain a large amount of helium and the company is preparing a special technology and marketing solutions for the extraction, storage, logistics and marketing of helium.
Helium-3 is an isotope of helium, which in nature is formed on the Sun thermonuclear reactions. A large number of this isotope has accumulated on the moon in the surface layer by irradiation by the solar wind. On Earth helium-3 is much less, because our planet protects it from the solar wind magnetic field. Representatives of the space industry earlier it was initiated the elaboration of projects for the extraction of helium-3 on the moon.
This paper examines the use of helium-3 for fusion reactions.
Currently, helium-3 extracted from natural sources, but created in the decay of artificially produced tritium. In Russia, the isotope helium-3 is produced Rosatom enterprises – FSUE “Production Association “Mayak” and JSC “V/O “Isotope”.