The St. Petersburg policy Foundation has estimated the regions that supported and ignored the topic of raising the retirement age. Authorities admit the absence of public support in the regions where elections will be held, experts say
Photo: Oleg Karsaev / “Kommersant”
The reaction regions
Dagestan, Chechnya, Yakutia, Kamchatka Krai, Vladimir, Irkutsk, Kemerovo, Omsk, Orel, Yaroslavl region, Moscow, the Jewish Autonomous region — these 12 regions has refrained from public support of the theme of raising the retirement age. This is stated in the overview of Fund “the Petersburg policy” (a copy is in RBC).
The experts ranked the regions according to the degree of public solidarity with the government’s proposals on a scale from 0 to 5. 5 gave regions with unambiguously positive and prompt response. For a positive assessment with reservations, delay, non-public nature of the scores was reduced to 3-4, and in the absence of obvious reactions or negative position was 0. Experts have measured the response of both the Executive and legislative authorities. 12 regions, refrained from public assessments received 0 points.
Among the 13 regions with the highest estimates of support for raising the retirement age, the experts called Altai, Karelia, Mari El, Mordovia, Chuvashia, Altai and Primorsky territory, the Arkhangelsk, Kaliningrad, Kirov, Leningrad, Saratov and Tomsk region.
Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev announced the decision to raise the retirement age in Russia on June 14. According to the plan of the government going men to retire will increase to 2028 by five years to 65 years, women — 2034-mu for eight years, to 63. Medvedev explained reform a decrease in the proportion of Russians and the growing number of pensioners.
On 16 June, the draft law on pension reform the government submitted to the Duma. The deadline for feedback on the document from the regions expired on July 17. At the time of publication in the system of ensuring legislative activity was 13 reviews of regional legislatures. Regional parliaments have placed their website on their own, and only the Duma Committee on labor received 60 reviews, with a consolidated position of regional heads and parliaments, told RBC the head of Committee Yaroslav Nilov. Profile Committee recommended the bill for adoption on July 17. The first reading is scheduled for July 19.
RBC surveyed regions whose reactions to the reforms, the experts rated at 0 points. In a press-service of the Yaroslavl regional Duma said that the deputies are on vacation, and in the management of mass communications of the government of the region noted that the Governor is on vacation. The leader of regional United Russia earlier put aside for criticism of the reforms.
Dagestani deputies did not have time to discuss the reform before the parliamentary recess. Head of administration head of the Republic on Informatica Subaru Zubairaev explained that 90% discussing pension reform “I don’t know what will be there, people don’t go into details, but someone for, someone against, but someone all the same.” He is convinced that the campaign of agitation and explanation of the reform “was to begin at least six months, as is happening in other countries”.
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The Deputy Governor of the Vladimir region on social policy Michael Groves said, on the one hand, the reform caused by economic necessity, but there are questions of retraining of personnel and protection of the rights of people of retirement age.
In poor regions, such as Oryol oblast, retirement should be associated with the creation and provision of jobs for young people and pensioners, said RBC acting Governor from the Communist party Andrei Klychkov. Another Governor-Communist Sergey Levchenko (Irkutsk region), RBC said the disagreement with the reform, since, in his opinion, to increase pensions by raising productivity.
The Moscow deputies before the election the mayor decided not to submit to the state Duma a review on a bill to raise the retirement age and went on vacation, previously reported to RBC.
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The press service of the Governor of Kamchatka told that it was premature to comment, and the deputies of the regional legislative Assembly focused on the issue of preservation of benefits for early retirement for territories of the far North, as the Yakut deputies, the report says. RBC has sent requests to the press service of the government of the Jewish Autonomous district, Omsk and Kemerovo regions and the press Secretary of the head of Chechnya, Alvi Karimov.
“The Petersburg policy” identifies three stages of reaction of the regional authorities for reform. From 14 to 22 June, the theme “was perceived as emphasized by the Federal” low level of motivation of the regions to the public debate. According to the observations of experts, the opposition’s attempts to bring the issue to the meetings of regional parliaments were often blocked, for example, in the Omsk region the Communists and the LDPR was not allowed to put such a question to the vote in the local Parliament.
The second stage is from 23 June to 9 July, between the speech of the Secretary General Council of “United Russia” Andrey Turchak about the inadmissibility of criticism of the pension reform and the call of the Chairman of the state Duma Vyacheslav Volodin to the regional parliaments with a proposal to speak on this subject. In this period some of the governors and regional legislatures openly supported the reform, for example, the Crimean state Council on 29 June and the Voronezh regional Duma on 5 July.
In areas with election campaigns this year public activity of reform is minimal, experts say “the Petersburg policy”. In the single voting day, September 9, will be an additional election of seven deputies in the Duma, elections of heads in 26 regions and deputies of the parliaments 17.
The third stage — after the 9th of July is marked by the maximum involvement of regional elites in support of reform. Despite the lesser involvement of governors compared to parliaments in the discussion, most participants in the debate on the reform positive about her, according to the report.
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For the Federal government fundamentally breaking trends in the first days of July, when a significant part of regions has ceased to shy away from discussing reforms, said the President of “Petersburg politics” Mikhail Vinogradov. In his opinion, depends on the final design of pension reforms and the extent to which the wishes of the regions, especially in the far East and far North. More important for the Kremlin to reverse the situation by ignoring the debate on the reform than to get the power to give positive feedback on it, says Vinogradov.
The Kremlin did not require “that all took under a peak”, says Director of the Center for political and economic reforms Nikolay Mironov. In his opinion, for the administration of the President more important than the lack of open protests of United Russia and the regions with the elections or the falling ratings of the government will not so active to discuss a controversial topic. Separately Mironov noted region with the governors from the opposition parties — Orel, Irkutsk and Omsk, which refused public support for reform. “The opposition can criticize the reform, but [need] to keep the protest under the”, — concluded the analyst.