Self-employed should take responsibility for their retirement benefits, said the head of the Ministry Maxim Oreshkin. The state will provide them with only the social pension
(Photo: Vladislav Shatilo / RBC)
Self-employed citizens should bear the responsibility for the size of their future pensions, said the Minister of economic development Maxim Oreshkin journalists during his visit to Samara.
“We have every person in the country regardless of what he paid in insurance premiums, guaranteed minimum social pension. If we are talking about entrepreneurs, but about self-employed citizens, we are now discussing the possibility of exemption from insurance payments, but with the condition assuming full risk for an increase in his pension, social pensions,” — said Oreshkin, answering the question of RBC.
As noted in the report released last week by the recommendations of the Duma Committee on budget and taxation to the “Main directions of budget policy”, for self-employed persons are not enough motivation for the legalization of their income, which threatens their future retirement security, and access to credit.
The Minister stressed that the task of the state to provide a certain minimum pension. “If a person is willing to save, earn, it is necessary to create the mechanisms that would allow him to increase the level of their social pension”, he added.
The government is now considering the creation of a special tax regime for self-employed. It can also be included small businesses, for which there is a minimum administrative and tax burden, Oreshkin said. “As this part of society is one of the most active and actively working to ensure their own future, for them, the tax burden should be as light weight, but the responsibility for the level of their pensions they should take,” said he.
His proposals for taxation of self-employed in may introduced the Ministry of Finance. The Ministry proposes to introduce “tax on professional income” with each TransAsia: for individuals it needs to be 3%, and for legal entities — 6%. Now self-employed in the shadows and not paying taxes, but, if you sign up 50 thousand people, it would be a sign that the movement is going in the right direction, said Deputy Minister of Finance Ilya Trunin. All self-employed in the country a few million, pointed out the President of “OPORA Russia” Alexander Kalinin. To pay the tax is available via mobile app. The question of payment of insurance contributions for self-employed up to the end not clarified.
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Russian citizens who have not accumulated the required qualifying period for a full pension insurance, paid social old-age pension. According to the Pension Fund, in 2018 a prerequisite for assignment of pension is the availability of nine years of insurance and 13.8 points, which recalculated the premiums paid on the official salary by the employer for his employee. In subsequent years, the period required for the entitlement to a pension insurance for old age will increase, bringing it to 2024, up to 15 years. Get social old-age pension in Russia, about 42 thousand people, its size is 5180 RUB While the social pension is paid later than usual — 60 years for women and 65 years for men (instead of 55 and 60 years, respectively, on General grounds). Age receiving social pension is proposed to increase as the retirement age in General, eight for women and five for men.
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