The regional authorities will conduct opinion polls on corruption according to the technique of government: citizens will be asked what state Agency they believe to be the most corrupt. According to the survey, the officials will also appreciate the “market of corruption” in the subjects
Photo: semen lihodeev / TASS
The government will adopt the methods of sociological of studies designed to assess the level of corruption in the Russian regions. The project methodology was developed by the Ministry, it is published on the portal disclosure of legal acts. According to the document, the Russians asked about the level of corruption in their region and about measures to combat it, and will also be asked to assess what the authorities in Russia, the most corrupt.
Why you need a poll
Conducting such surveys is part of the National plan of counteraction of corruption for 2018 to 2020, which is in late June, approved by President Vladimir Putin. According to the document, heads of Russian regions, it is recommended to conduct annual sociological research “in order to assess the level of corruption.” To report on the results of the surveys should also annually before 1 February.
The methodology of the polls (and has prepared Ministry of economic development) will be United. According to the plan, the government should develop and approve it before the 1st of October this year. The plan for the fight against corruption in General is aimed at “improving the system of prohibitions, restrictions and requirements established in order to counter corruption”, “improving measures to combat corruption in the procurement of goods, works, services for state or municipal needs”, etc.
“Regulated by this methodology, the study focused primarily on the problems of the “household” of corruption arising from the interaction of citizens and authorities in the provision of public (municipal) services”, — stated in the draft economic development. In the study, in addition to the survey is invited to count the amount of “regional market of corruption” (the total amount of bribes paid by citizens in the region over the year), its share in the gross regional product, share of corruption charges (the ratio of the average size of bribes to the average per capita income), the number of corruption transactions, the risk of corruption and other indicators. Officials also collected to calculate the indicator of the level of corruption in the region. The study, according to the plan approved by Vladimir Putin, the regions will prepare special reports. RBC sent a request to the Ministry of economic development.
Almost all of the regional sociological centers affiliated with the administrations, as it is the main source of subsidies — such a situation could lead to the correction of research results, says analyst Alexander Kynev. “Of course, this can lead to some image distortion with all the ensuing consequences. When the government itself measures, it has the temptation to measure as it is convenient,” he says. It is desirable to transfer such tasks to envoys of the state or Federal inspectors who are Federal inspectors in the field and independent of the state authorities of the subjects indicates Kanev.
Who is more corrupt
The sample of opinion polls to include all types of settlements (the capital of the entity, regional cities and rural areas), and the total number of respondents will be in proportion to the population.
As can be seen from the questionnaire, the interviewer should introduce themselves and to ask a citizen to participate in the survey. “To limit its scope, you need to know in what areas of life and in some regions of Russia it is especially prevalent, what and how to change from year to year. So for several years all over the country held massive interviews on this topic, involving tens of thousands of people” — so the interviewer should explain the importance of participation in the study. Respondents promise to use their responses in aggregated form, and their names will not appear in any of the survey materials.
In total, the questionnaire a few dozen issues. The first block allows you to build a profile of the Respondent (age, financial situation, occupation and branch of activity). After these questions the citizens asked to report if they know about the measures that the Federal government take to counter corruption, and then asks how large the efforts of officials to combat corruption.
Respondents were also asked to assess the level of corruption 18 authorities and institutions on a scale from 1 to 4, where 1 means that the authority is “absolutely honest”, 2 — “quite fair”, 3 — “quite unfair” and 4 is “totally dishonest” (and you can choose the option “no answer”). To Express the opinion of the people about the government, state Duma, regional and municipal authorities, political parties, armies, courts, law enforcement agencies (particularly police and prosecutors), the national security agencies (FSB), the media, environmental and human rights organizations, municipal services, traffic police, secondary schools, universities, hospitals, and social security and employment services. To assess the corruption of the President, Federation Council, Central Bank, private business in the survey is not offered.
A few more questions about how often in the locality of the Respondent, you may encounter corruption when you go to the hospital, enroll in school, conscription, obtaining pensions, contact the police and other domestic situations. Citizens will also be asked to assess changes in the level of corruption in their region and the village in last two years.
This methodology of a poll on corruption was invented long ago by the President of Fund “INDEM” Georgy Satarov and Chairman of the Board of “Transparency International — Russia” Yelena Panfilova, in 2010 it was held at the Ministry of economic development, says CEO of the Russian Anton Pominov of Transparency. “If earlier annual studies were not, now they will — it is a step forward,” he said. The data will be interesting, expect mentions, although the study could be expanded and take place every two years.