According to the representative the Ministry of foreign Affairs of Russia Igor Bratchikova, the interest in the Caspian sea showed the country, located far enough from this region. The diplomat said that similar attempts were made throughout the 20 years of negotiations
The leaders of the Caspian countries at the summit in Aktau (Kazakhstan)
(Photo: Alexei Nikolsky / Kremlin / Reuters)
The United States and some other countries tried to influence the negotiations on the legal status of the Caspian sea. About it in interview to the newspaper “Kommersant”, said the Ambassador for special assignments of the Russian foreign Ministry Igor Bratchikov.
“Attempts to influence negotiations on the part of non-regional players were throughout the 20 years of negotiations, until the last moment”, — said the diplomat.
Five countries after 22 years, signed the Convention on the division of the Caspian sea
Bratchikov said that interest in the Caspian sea showed the country, located far enough from this region, including those who are located outside the Eurasian continent. On specifying question, whether it was a U.S. diplomat said, “including”.
Speaking, in particular, the agreements reached among the littoral States on the division of the Caspian sea, the diplomat noted that Russia was opposed to this decision. According to him, Moscow was proposed, dividing the bottom to leave water in the common use of the parties.
Putin commented on the signing of the Convention on the legal status of the Caspian sea
“At a certain stage of the negotiations, we went to meet the partners and agreed that all countries along the coast there is a zone under national sovereignty, of a width of 15 miles and the adjoining fishing area, beyond which is the total water space is equal to all the Caspian States rights to navigation and other marine activities,” he said.
With regard to the development of military fleet on the Caspian sea, then, as the diplomat said, “the interests of all countries, including Russia, equally respected.” “I will draw your attention to the fact that the Convention should be “read in the package” with the agreement on the prevention of incidents on the Caspian sea <…> Both documents guarantee freedom of the development of navies, sailing and military ships outside the territorial waters of coastal countries”, — he said.
August 12, the five littoral States — Russia, Kazakhstan, Iran, Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan — have signed the Convention on the Statute of the Caspian sea. The document defined the parameters of delimitation of the seabed and subsoil of this area on the basis of which will be in the future determined the share of each country in the Caspian basin. In addition, the Convention establishes the rules of fishing, shipping and the laying of pipelines in the Caspian sea. Also States have agreed on the external borders between the two countries on the territorial waters.